There was a time, where the projective techniques were the most used in any field of psychology, however, with the continuous development of science and the deviations of psychology regarding philosophy, they are now, mostly used by clinical therapists.
Psychology no longer just stands for an individual telling things to a therapist in a closed room. There are many areas of psychology (such as social, educational, forensic…), all of them with a huge development, scientifically speaking, which was a big determinant for clinical field too.
Methods and tools are now widely validated theoretically and methodologically and that provided great advances in the field. However, clinical psychology focuses on the individual as a specific person, a psychological being, according to a specific theoretical and strategical reference.
For us to reach through to the individual, we must have more than what he is saying at this very moment, we have to contextualize that, according to the person’s life story, the context, where all of what they’re saying is inserted, and based on it, the therapist will make the interpretation of such information and make more sense of it.
This is the context where projective techniques and tests are born.
For a more accurate understanding of all this, it’s necessary to know what the concept of projection means in the field. Psychologically speaking, projection is the way a subject understands his environment and how he answers to it taking into account his experiences.
Consequently, the projective techniques intend to deconstruct a reality, allowing the therapist access to recognize the psychological filters and schemes that may, or are indeed interfering in his relationship with the patient.
Therefore, they are quite important and even effective in clinical psychology, despite the fact that they are considered a little outdated within other fields.